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Peanut Oil

The peanut oil is an organic oil derived from peanuts, noted to have the slight aroma and taste of its parent nut. It is often used in Southeast Asian cuisine much like olive oil is used in the Mediterranean for frying, cooking, salad oils, margarine, etc.

  • Peanut Oil Uses
  • Peanut Oil for Cooking
  • Peanut Oil for Appetizers & Snacks
  • Peanut Oil for Nutritional Supplements
  • Peanut Oil for Pet Supplies
  • Peanut Oil for Skin Care Products
  • Peanut Oil for Soap Manufacturing

Peanut is the name for a low, annual leguminous plant (Arachis hypogaea) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family) and for its edible seeds. Native to South America and cultivated there for millenia, it is said to have been introduced to Africa by early explorers, and Africans transported as slaves brought the plant with them to North America. In the United States it has been extensively cultivated only since the late 19th century. It is now grown in most tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions, especially in India and China (the major world producers), W Africa, and the SE United States. The seeds—peanuts—are eaten fresh or roasted and are used in cookery and confectionery. They are ground for peanut butter, an important article of commerce, and yield an oil used for margarine, cooking oil, soap manufacture, and industrial purposes. The herbage is used for hay, the residue from oil extraction (called peanut-oil cakes) for stock feed, and the whole plant, left in the ground, as pasturage for swine. Peanut crops are usually harvested by hand except in the United States. Europe is the chief importer and processor, especially for oil manufacture. In the United States the amount of the crop converted to oil depends on the demand for whole peanuts; it is usually only 15% to 20%. Because of its numerous uses, high protein content, and adaptability to varying demand, the peanut is an advantageous agricultural crop. There are two types of peanut plant—bunch nuts and vine, or trailing, nuts—named for the way the plants grow. The peanut plant is unusual for its habit of geocarpy: when the pod starts to form, it is pushed into the ground by the elongation of its stalk and matures underground. Other names for the peanut are goober, pinder, earthnut, groundnut, and ground pea.

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USP and refined vegtable oils for Pharmaceutical, Cosmetic, Personal Care, Food, Ink, Paint, Coatings, Adhesive, Lubricant & Soap Industries.

Peanut Oil is the refined fixed oil obtained from the seed kernels of one or more of the cultivated varieties of Arachis hypogaea Linné (Fam. Leguminosae).




Specific gravity @ 25░C



Iodine value


84 - 100

Saponification value


185 - 195

Free fatty acids


< 2.0 mL of 0.02 N NaOH

Cottonseed oil



Refractive index @ 40░C



Heavy metals, Method II


0.001% max




Solidification range of F/A


26 - 30

Unsaponifiable matter


< 1.5%


Color Gardner

AOCS Td la-64

4 max


Pale yellow, bright & clear oily liquid


Flavor and Odor

Bland, almost odorless





< 0.2


< 2.0


6 - 15.5


1 - 2.5


< 1.0


0.5 - 2.1


1.3 - 6.5


1 - 2.5


36 - 72


1.5 - 4.8


13 - 45


1.0 - 2.5

Because of natural variations in oilseed crops, chemical and physical constants cannot be guaranteed at all times. However, oil sold as NF is guaranteed to meet the NF monograph.

More on Peanut Oils

Two types of peanuts are used in the food industry, Farmer's stock, and oil stock peanuts. The former is for foods like peanut butter, canned peanuts, or candy bars. Oil stock peanuts are of lower quality, and are frequently "rejects" from the Farmer's stock variety.

When peanuts are processed into oil, the percentage of yield for the oil is approximately 40%, with 70 million pounds of oil being produced from 182 million pounds of peanuts.

Oil Extraction

Peanut oil is obtained by one of three methods, including hydraulic, expeller and solvent extraction methods. The hydraulic method of extraction consists of pressing the shelled peanuts under 14,000 psi, while adding steam and heat.

Expeller pressing is the most popular method of peanut oil extraction. Expeller pressing resembles a modern day meat grinder. Peanuts are fed into a grinder, and pressure is added as the screw turns. This forces the mass out through a perforated screen. The screen separates the oil from the proteinaceous material.

The solvent method is the most expensive of the three methods. It involves using hexane to extract oil from a peanut meal. This method is frequently combined with the expeller methods.

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